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MLA Citation Guide 8th Edition: FAQs

A guide to citing according to the MLA 8th edition

Changes in the 8th edition

Works Cited Changes from the MLA 7th edition:

  1. City of publication is no longer necessary. The publisher is enough except for some sources (MLA 40, 51)
  2. No print or web designation medium (i.e. "Print" or "Web") is necessary.
  3. Editor, translator, director, edited, etc. are spelled out.
  4. When you have no author, start with title.
  5. Articles (The, A, An) in names of journals are treated as part of the title. Include them when citing a periodical.
  6. Access date is optional unless required by your teacher
  7. URLs are required for web pages and end with a period. Omit the http:// or https://
  8. For online databases, use DOI if available. If DOI is not available, use the stable URL or the URL if a permanent link or stable URL is not available.
  9. Journal dates include month and season when cited. Give full date.
  10. If you have more than one author, use "et al."
  11. Use "p." for single page number and "pp." for page ranges. "If the page numbers are not consecutive, give the first page number with a plus sign pp. 34+"
  12. For volume numbers and issue numbers, precede those with "vol." and "no."
  13. Missing information is no longer indicated by n.p. and n.d. and they are no longer used. Use square brackets if the missing information is available in a reliable source (MLA 8th ed., p.111)

Abbreviations for Months

  1. Months that are more than four letters are abbreviated in the Works Cited: Jan., Feb. Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
  2. May, June and July are not abbreviated.
    (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 95)