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Changes in the 8th edition
Works Cited Changes from the MLA 7th edition:
- City of publication is no longer necessary. The publisher is enough except for some sources (MLA 40, 51)
- No print or web designation medium (i.e. "Print" or "Web") is necessary.
- Editor, translator, director, edited, etc. are spelled out.
- When you have no author, start with title.
- Articles (The, A, An) in names of journals are treated as part of the title. Include them when citing a periodical.
- Access date is optional unless required by your teacher
- URLs are required for web pages and end with a period. Omit the http:// or https://
- For online databases, use DOI if available. If DOI is not available, use the stable URL or the URL if a permanent link or stable URL is not available.
- Journal dates include month and season when cited. Give full date.
- If you have more than one author, use "et al."
- Use "p." for single page number and "pp." for page ranges. "If the page numbers are not consecutive, give the first page number with a plus sign pp. 34+"
- For volume numbers and issue numbers, precede those with "vol." and "no."
- Missing information is no longer indicated by n.p. and n.d. and they are no longer used. Use square brackets if the missing information is available in a reliable source (MLA 8th ed., p.111)
Abbreviations for Months
- Months that are more than four letters are abbreviated in the Works Cited: Jan., Feb. Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
- May, June and July are not abbreviated.
(MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 95)